现代汉语总结类话语标记浅析 = Discourse Markers of Summary in Modern Chinese

Cao Xiuling, Liu Liu

Abstract


总结类话语标记是人类语言共有的元话语
成分之一。现代汉语总结类话语标记包括“总
之”、“一句话”、“概括起来讲”、“总的
来看”等众多成员,根据构成成分及其结构关
系特点可以归纳为以“话/言”和“说/讲/
看”为核心成分的名词和动词两个系列。总结
类话语标记分布在前后语段之间,构建的语篇
模式为“a,X,b”,在“要点概括”的总体语
义功能之下表达概括、推论、补充、转折、让
步等多种下位语义关系。总结类话语标记的语
篇组织功能和人际互动功能是其概念表达功能
语法化的结果,在这一过程中从基本话语发展
为元话语。

A discourse marker of summary is a common
meta-discourse element in human languages.
Discourse markers of summary in modern Chinese
contains zong zhi, yi ju hua, gai kuo qi lai jiang,
zong de lai kan and others, which can be
summarized as nouns and pronouns centered by
hua/yan, shuo/jiang/kan in correspondence of
their construction elements and features of
construction relation. Discourse markers of
summary distribute near the front and back
syntagms, through which the discourse model is
constructed as “a, X, b”. This construction
implies summary, inference, complementarity,
transference, concession, and other semantic
relation of subcategorization. The discourse
organizing function and inter-personal interactive
function of discourse markers of summary is the grammaticalization of the function of these
concepts and in this process, the discourse
markers of summary develops from basic
discourse to meta-discourse.


Keywords


基本话语;元话语;总结;人际互动 basic discourse; meta-discourse; summary; inter-personal interactivity



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18002/sin.v1i1.5182

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