Factores facilitadores e inhibidores del incremento del grado de diversificacion en las empresas de Castilla y León

Almudena Martínez Campillo

Resumen


El presente trabajo estudia tres factores organizativos que pueden facilitar o inhibir el incremento del nivel de diversificación industrial: el tamaño corporativo, la diversificación internacional y la diversidad de producto inicial. En concreto, pretende analizar los efectos principales e interacción de dichos factores sobre la probabilidad de que las empresas aumenten el número de negocios donde participan. Para ello, tras revisar la literatura sobre diversificación y cambio estratégico, se plantean una serie de hipótesis, cuyo contraste se efectúa aplicando un análisis de regresión Logit. Los resultados indican que tanto el tamaño como la internacionalización de una empresa obstaculizan su crecimiento hacia nuevas líneas de actividad. Asimismo, este trabajo revela la existencia de interacciones significativas entre ambas variables y la diversidad de producto inicial que influyen favorablemente en el incremento de la diversificación industrial.

This study examines three organizational factors that may facilitate or inhibit the increase in industrial diversification: firm size, international diversification and initial product diversity. Specifically, the goal is to analyze their main and interaction effects on firms propensity to enhance the number of business segments in which they operate. After revising literature on diversification and strategic change, the study proposes a number of hypotheses that are contrasted by applying a Logit regression. Results indicate that size and internationalization of the firm restrain significantly its growth toward new activities. Also, our findings reveal that there are significant interactions among both variables and the initial product diversity that affect positively on the increase in industrial diversification.

Palabras clave


Tamaño corporativo; Diversificación internacional; Diversificación inicial; Diversifiación industrial; Cambio estratégico; Logit; Firm size; Geographic diversification; Initial product diversity; Industrial diversification; Strategic change

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18002/pec.v0i2008.793

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Copyright (c) 2008 Almudena Martínez Campillo

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