An Experimental Study of Spanish Learners’ Language Transference in Pronouncing Chinese Vowels

Chen Chen


Based on the vowel pattern, an experiment

is designed to summarize and compare the

Chinese vowel pattern articulated by Spanish

students whose first foreign language is English

and second foreign language is Chinese, and the

native Chinese speakers. The aim of this study is

to investigate the transference of mother

tongue and the first foreign language in the

learning of a second foreign language. It is

found that the mother tongue and the first

foreign language both have the impact on

transferring the vowel pronunciation to the

second foreign language. The conditions of

interference of mother tongue are relatively

stricter. Compared with the transference of

mother tongue, the transference condition of

the first foreign language is stricter. The

construction of vowel pattern in interlanguage

is in accordance with the internal law of

children’s acquisition of mother tongue.


vowel acquisition; vowel pattern; mother tongue transference; first foreign language transference.



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