Empathy in children practising judo compared to their non-practicing peers

Grzegorz Piotr Kozdras


Many authors dealing with martial arts and combat sports indicate that this form of activity contributes to limiting aggressive behavior towards other people. Contemporary psychological and pedagogical knowledge explains that empathy is one of the factors that determines a friendly and aggression-free attitude of people towards others. This study we compared the level of empathy between children practicing judo for a minimum of two years and their peers who did not practiced any martial art. Results showed higher levels of empathy in the group of judo practitioners. Judo trainers also agreed that judo participation may improve children’s emotional development (emotional self-regulation and emotional self-awareness).


empathy, judo as an educational system, upbringing to values, sport pedagogy

Full Text:



Bagot, B. N. (1989). Zen Judo: A way of life. London: Blandford.

Ciechomski, M. (2015). Empathy can be developed - the family as the basic learning environment for compassion. Reflection and practical suggestions based on own research. In J. Bielski (Ed.), Multidimensional image of the modern family (pp. 325-338). Pultusk: Akademia Humanistyczna im. Aleksandra Gieysztora.

Cynarski, W. J. (2006). Reception and internalization of the ethos of Far-Eastern martial arts by practitioners. Rzeszów: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego.

Cynarski, W. J. (2012). Anthropology of martial arts. Studies and sketches from sociology and philosophy of martial arts. Rzeszów: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego.

Davis, M. (1999). Empathy: about compassion skills. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Draeger, D. F. (2007). Contemporary Bujutsu and Budo. Bydgoszcz: Diamond Books.

Hortiguela, D., Gutierrez-Garcia, C., & Hernando-Garijo, A. (2017). Combat versus team sports: the effects of gender in a climate of peer-motivation, and levels of fun and violence in physical education students. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 17(3), 11–20. doi: https://doi.org/10.14589/ido.17.3.2

Kaźmierczak, M., Plopa, M., & Retowski, S. (2007). Empathy Sensitivity Scale. Przegląd psychologiczny, 1, 9-24.

Kozdras, G. (2019). Education in moral values of JUDO school students. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 19(1S), 50–54. doi: https://doi.org/10.14589/ido.19.1S.8

Monteverde, D. (2009). Judo. A Samurai Legacy. Los Angeles, CA: Lulu Publishing.

Ohsawa, G. (2011). The Book of Judo. California: George Ohsawa Macrobiotic Foundation Chico.

Takahashi, M. (2005). Mastering Judo. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Tomas J., & Saragoça, J. (2018). Budo as philosophical background of Karate-Do: does the training method really matter? Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 18(2), 38–42. doi: https://doi.org/10.14589/ido.18.2.5

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18002/rama.v14i2s.5950


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Grzegorz Piotr Kozdras

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas - RAMA

I.S.S.N. 2174-0747

Attached to the Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of León (Spain)

Edited by the Publications Office, University of León

Creative Commons License