Evaluating Makiwara Punching Board Performance
Keywords:Karate, training, technique, strength, materials, designs
AbstractNo studies quantifying the impact characteristics of makiwara boards are available in the published literature. Logically, an initial step in determining the validity of the makiwara to develop karate technique would be to assess the mechanical characteristics of various types of makiwara board designs. It was, therefore, the purpose of this study to determine the stiffness of selected tapered board and stacked board makiwara training devices using static loading techniques to assess their suitability for practitioners of different levels. When our results are viewed in terms of progression of training, it would appear that a novice would be more suited to the more compliant ash stacked design and the expert more suited to the stiffer oak tapered design.
American College of Sports Medicine (Marzo de 2009). American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(3):687-708.
Green, D., Winandy, J., & Kretschmann, D. (1999). Wood handbook: Wood as an engineering material. Madison, WI: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. General technical report FPL; GTR-113: pp. 4.1-4.45.
Kreighbaum, E., & Barthels, K. (1996). Biomechanics: A qualitative approach for studying human movement (4ª Ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon
McArdle, W., Katch F., & Katch V. (2001). Exercise physiology: Energy, nutrition and human performance. Baltimore, MA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Okazaki, T. (1998). Comunicación personal. ISKF Headquarters Dojo, 222 S. 45th St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104.
Okazaki, T. & Stricevic, M. (1984). Textbook of modern karate. Tokyo: Kodansha International.
Peterson, M., Rhea, M., & Alvar, B. (2005). Applications of the dose response for muscular strength development: A review of metaanalytic efficacy and reliability for designing training prescription. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19: 950-8.
Stricevic, M., Dacic, D., Miyazaki, T., & Anderson, G. (1989). Modern karate: A scientific approach to conditioning and training. Rockville Centre, NY: Miroto Karate Publishing Co.
Smith, P., Viano, D., Faust, D., & Faust, L. (1993). Thoracic injury effects of linear and angular karate impact. En Biomechanics in Sports XI., Hamill, J., Derrick, T., & Elliott, E. (Eds.), Amherst, MA: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
Smith, P. (1984). Selected impact characteristics of karate and boxing gloves. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2012 Paul K. Smith, Timothy Niiler, Peter W. McCullough
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The authors who publish in this journal must agree to the following terms:
- The authors grant on a nonexclusive basis the exploitation rights (reproduction, distribution, public communication and transformation) of the work accepted for publication to the University of León. The authors can establish, on their own, additional agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in the journal (for example, placing it in an institutional repository or publishing it in a book), always acknowledging the initial publication in this journal.
- This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Click to see basic information and the legal text of the license.
- The authors are allowed and encouraged to disseminate electronically pre-print or post-print versions of their work before publication, as this can give rise to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and increased citing of the works published.