The sportivization process of a martial art: the karate

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18002/rama.v14i2s.5999

Keywords:

Martial arts, combat sports, Karate, Olympic Games, Olympic movement, sportivization process

Abstract

This study addresses the historical trajectory of karate, particularly in relation to the processes that favored its inclusion as one of the five modalities that will debut at the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan. The literature review was the methodology used in this research. Several attempts and efforts were identified to enable karate to join as a sport in the Olympic Games. It was concluded that the agents (federation leaders, presidents, coaches and athletes), along with institutions (clubs, companies, government, among others) were involved in a process that aimed to meet the requirements of the International Olympic Committee. Thus, it is possible to observe various transformations in the development of this modality that gave shape to what karate has today, which has made it a rookie modality being conditioned by market interests.

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Author Biographies

Marcelo Alberto de Oliveira, University of São Paulo

He is currently a Master's student in Physical Education and Sport from the University of São Paulo (USP); Graduated in Physical Education from the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR); Former Japanese Government Fellow. Studied International Development through Sport (IDS) at Tsukuba Summer Institute (TSI) at Tsukuba University (Japan); Member of the PULA Study Group and the Olympic Study Group (GEO), both linked to the Center for Sociocultural Studies of Human Movement (CESC) of the USP School of Physical Education and Sport (EEFE); Partner of the Brazilian College of Sports Sciences (CBCE); Partner of the Brazilian Association of Sport Psychology (ABRAPESP); Karate Team Technician at USP Law School; His main research fields are Philosophy, History, Psychology and Sociology, all focusing on Sport; His main research object is Karate-Dô in Brazil.

Jefferson Campos Lopes, São Vicente College of Technology

PhD in Sports Science - UTAD (2018) - PORTUGAL. PhD in Martial Arts (Honorius Cause- FACEI / 2015). Master of Education (Unimonte-2001) .Master of Martial Arts (Honorius Cause - FACEI / 2013) .Post Graduate in Cooperative Games (Unimonte-2001) .Post Graduate in Sports and Physical Activities for the Disabled (UFJF / 2019) and Public Management Education (UNIFESP) .MBA in Struggles (COB-2015) Degree in Physical Education from the Monte Serrat University Center (2000), Degree in Business Administration from the Monte Serrat University Center (1990) Course in Sports Administration (COB / 2016) .Teacher higher education and postgraduate studies. Former Brazilian karate coach. Has experience in Public and Private Management, Project Coordination and Development (social, educational and sports) acting on the following subjects: cooperation, human values, education, cooperative games, training, martial arts and development. EXCELLENCE AND QUALITY AWARD BRAZIL , grants through the Official Gazette of the state of São Paulo on this date the title of COMMENDER (2016). Best Physical Education Professional Award (CREF-SP / 2016). Sports Merit Award (Legislative Assembly of SP / 2016).

Ricardo João Sonoda-Nunes, Federal University of Paraná

PhD in Sociology from the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Graduated and Master in Physical Education from the same institution. He is currently professor at the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Marketing Director of the Latin American Association of Socio-Cultural Studies of Sports (ALESDE), Secretary General of the Latin American Association of Sport Management (ALGEDE) and Scientific Coordinator of the Management of Sport Area at the Latin American Association of Sports. Sport Sciences, Physical Education and Danza (ALCIDED). He is a researcher at the Center for Research on Sport, Leisure and Society of UFPR and the Civilizing Processes Group of the State University of Londrina (UEL), both registered with CNPq. He is a member of the Brazilian College of Sport Sciences (CBCE), the North American Society for Sociology of Sport / NASSS, the International Sociology of Sport Association / ISSA, the International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society / IMACSSS and the Brazilian Management Association. do Esporte / ABRAGESP. Has experience in the areas of Sport and Leisure acting mainly in Public Sports and Leisure Policy, Administration and Sports Management, Project and Event Management, Fundraising, Innovation and Struggles Applied to Physical Education. Practitioner of martial arts / fighting is Black Belt 2nd DAN in Taekwondo and 2nd DAN in Hapkido.

Abel Aurélio Abreu Figueiredo, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu

Adjunct Professor in Sports Science and Motricity Department on Superior School of Education - Polytechnic Institute of Viseu – Portugal. Ph.D. in Human Motricity, Sport Sciences specialty (2003-2006). Technical University of Lisbon (PT) (FMH – UTL) –.(Max: Approved by Unanimity). Integrated member: Centro de Estudos em Educação, Tecnologia e Saúde (CI&DETS). Grupo de Estudos de Educação, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Social (2009-…). Instituto Politécnico de Viseu. Avenida Coronel José Maria Vale de Andrade – Campus Politécnico. 3504-510 Viseu - Portugal. Collaboration Member:Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano (CIDESD); Grupo de Intervenção Pedagógica e Profissional (2009-2011); Grupo de Performance Desportiva (2012-…); Universidade de Trás-os-montes e Alto Douro.

References

Barreira, C. R. A. (2013). O sentido do Karate-Do: faces históricas, psicologicas e fenomenológicas (1st ed.). Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro: E-papers.

Frosi, T. O., & Mazo, J. Z. (2011). Repensando a história do karate contada no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 25(2), 297–312. doi: http://doi.org/10.1590/S1807-55092011000200011

Guttmann, A., & Thompson, L. (2001). Japanese sports: a history. Hawai’i: University of Hawai'i Press.

JKA. (2018). History of JKA. Retrieved from https://www.jka.or.jp/en/about-jka/history

Oliveira, M. A. de, Telles, T. C. B., & Barreira, C. R. A. (2019). De Okinawa aos Jogos Olímpicos: o Karate. In Do pós ao Neo Olimpismo: esporte e movimento olímpico no século XXI (pp. 327–347). São Paulo: Képos.

Pucineli, F. A. (2017). Modernização do Karate: Gichin Funakoshi e as Tecnologias Políticas do Corpo. Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP.

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Published

2019-11-18

How to Cite

Oliveira, M. A. de, Lopes, J. C., Sonoda-Nunes, R. J., & Figueiredo, A. A. A. (2019). The sportivization process of a martial art: the karate. Revista De Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 14(2s), 59–60. https://doi.org/10.18002/rama.v14i2s.5999

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