Influence of sexual maturation on anaerobic performance of male adolescent wrestlers




Martial arts, combat sports, freestyle wrestling, Greco-Roman wrestling, maturation, anaerobic power, anaerobic capacity, high-intensity training


This study aimed to examine the impact of sexual maturation on the anaerobic performance of male adolescent wrestlers. Methods: We included a sample of 29 freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestlers from various clubs in Barinas, Venezuela. Their physical characteristics were as follows (mean ± SD): age, 14.99 ± 1.83 years; body mass, 54.68 ± 16.80 kg; height, 161.06 ± 12.78 cm; body fat, 12.09 ± 4.11%; body mass index (BMI), 20.58 ± 3.79 kg/m2; and training experience, 3.66 ± 2.27 years. Sexual maturation was evaluated using Tanner's criteria, while anaerobic performance was assessed with the 30-second Wingate test for both lower and upper body. Results: There were moderate to strong significant correlations between maturation development and both peak power (PP) and average power (AP) — for both absolute and relative measures — for the lower and upper body. The fatigue index (%FI) for the lower body did not show any correlation with maturation development or with the pubescent and postpubescent maturation categories. Conversely, the %FI for the upper body demonstrated a significant moderate correlation with maturation development and with the postpubescent maturation category. Additionally, a strong significant correlation was observed between the pubescent maturation category and both PP and AP (absolute and relative) for the lower body. A moderate correlation was found between the postpubescent category and PP (absolute) for the upper body. PP (absolute) and AP (relative) for the upper body had a moderate correlation with the pubescent maturation category, while the postpubescent category showed a strong correlation with PP (absolute), AP (absolute), and AP (relative). Conclusion: The stages of sexual maturation significantly influence the anaerobic capacity of adolescent wrestlers, potentially affecting their training adaptations for peak performance. Future research should explore the physiological responses to training protocols tailored to specific stages of maturation.


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Author Biographies

Yudelis Leonardo Torres-Álvarez, Observatorio de Investigación en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Universidad Nacional Experimental de los Llanos Occidentales Ezequiel Zamora, Núcleo Barinas

Yudelis Leonardo Torres-Álvarez (Venezuela), analyst-researcher at the Observatorio de Investigación en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte [Observatory of Research in Physical Activity and Sport Sciences], Universidad Nacional Experimental de los Llanos Occidentales Ezequiel Zamora, Venezuela. His research areas include exercise physiology, training methodology and technical-tactical performance in wrestling. E-mail:

Pedro Felipe Gamardo-Hernández, Laboratorio de Fisiología del Ejercicio, Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador-Instituto Pedagógico de Caracas

Pedro Felipe Gamardo-Hernández (Venezuela), professor of Exercise Physiology at the Instituto Pedagógico de Caracas, Venezuela. He conducts research on fitness assessment. E-mail:

Bianca Miarka, Juiz de Fora Federal University

Bianca Miarka (Brazil), professor of Judo at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. She researches technical-tactical performance, psychobiology and neuroscience in combat sports. E-mail:


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How to Cite

Torres-Álvarez, Y. L., Gamardo-Hernández, P. F., & Miarka, B. (2024). Influence of sexual maturation on anaerobic performance of male adolescent wrestlers. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 19(1), 16–30.




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