Training the Lower Body for Better Stances, Steps, & Kicks


  • Allen Pittman Independent researcher



training, modern methods, traditional methods, Eastern methods, Western methods


The purpose of this article is to present various training methods for the lower body thereby making them immediately available to the readers to further their own training. The lower body will be defined generally as the region of the body from the waist (area between short rib and hip bone) downward. The training methods presented will work along two major lines of reference—that of time or history i.e. modern methods verses traditional methods, and that of geography and culture or “East verses West.” For reading ease, the presentation will follow a sequence going from ideas more common to martial arts practitioners to less common ideas. In this way a reader can bridge familiar and unfamiliar concepts without losing orientation to the main theme.


Download data is not yet available.

Métricas alternativas


Agrippa, C. (1553). Treatise on the science of arms with philosophical dialogue. Rome. Descargado de:

Alexander, H., Draeger, D., and Chambers, A., (1974). Pentjak-Silat: The Indonesian fighting art. New York: Kodansha International.

Alter, J. (1998). The wrestlers body: Identity and ideology in north India. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Anthony, D. (2007). The horse, the wheel, and language: How bronze-age riders from the Eurasian steppes shaped the modern world. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bernard, T. (1944). Hatha yoga. New York: Columbia University Press.

Charlemont, F. (2008). La Boxe Francais: Traité théorique et pratique. Fontaine, France: Emotion Primitive.

David-Neel, A. (1971). Magic and mystery in Tibet. New York: Dover Publications.

Delaney, F. (1992). Legends of the Celts. New York: Sterling Publishing.

Draeger, D., and Smith, R. (1968). Asian fighting arts. Tokyo: Kodansha International.

Evangelista, N. (1996). The art and science of fencing. Chicago: Masters Press.

Fairbairn, W. (1942). All in fighting. London: Faber and Faber.

Gardiner, E. (2002). Athletics of the ancient world. New York: Dover.

Gardiner, E. (1910). Greek athletic sports and festivals. London: Mcmillian and Co.

Gilbey, J. (1980). Western boxing and world wrestling. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Harris, A. (1972). Sport in Greece and Rome. Ithica, NY: Corrnell University Press. Inch, T. (1945). Spalding’s book on boxing and physical culture. Aldershot, England: Gale and Polden.

Jesse, J. (1974). Wrestling and physical conditioning encyclopedia. Pasadena, CA: Athletic Press.

Khedrup, T., Richardson, H., & Skorupsci, T. (1987). Adventures of a Tibetan fighting monk. Bangkok: Tamarind Press.

Kinsella, T. (2002). The tain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Majno, G. (1991). The healing hand: Man and wound in the ancient world. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Norbu, T. (1987). Tibet is my country. Sommerville, MA: Wisdom Books.

Poliakoff, M. (1987). Combat sports in the ancient world. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Smith, R. (1968). Secrets of Shaolin Temple boxing. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle.

Smith, R. (1990). Chinese boxing: Masters and methods. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.

Smith, R. (1986). Western boxing and world wrestling: Story and practice. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Press.

Wan, Laisheng (1983). Inner and outer work. Beijing: China Agricultural University Press.



How to Cite

Pittman, A. (2012). Training the Lower Body for Better Stances, Steps, & Kicks. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 5(1), 147–164.