Integrative Combat: An Empirical Perspective of the Martial Arts
Keywords:Empirical reductionism, conceptual layers, physical layer, technical layer, systems layer
AbstractThere have been many past efforts to define the martial arts and to render them in a pseudoscientific manner. The present work attempts to delineate a subset of the greater entity of the martial arts that is primarily concerned with combat as an observable, measurable, and testable phenomenon. The term Integrative Combat (IC) is proposed here to denote such a research area. Applying the tenets of empirical reductionism, a model for IC is proposed that consists of three layers of conceptual abstraction. The IC model offers a means to envision scientific research on combat and to illustrate the benefits of interconnectivity between diverse research interests undertaken from varying levels of conceptual complexity. By forging a scientific approach to the martial arts it becomes possible to achieve new heights of technical knowledge and combative expertise. Thus, IC has the potential to emerge as its own powerful and legitimate field of study.
Bercades, L. & Pieter, W. (2006). A biomechanical analysis of the modified taekwondo axe kick. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 15(4), 8-19.
DeMarco, M. (1992). The origin and evolution of taijiquan. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 1(1), 8-25.
DeMarco, M. (2000). The importance of martial arts research and practice. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 9(2), 8-17.
Donohue, J. & Taylor, K. (1994). The classification of the fighting arts. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 3(4), 10-37.
Draeger, D. (1982). The hoplological glossary. Hoplos, 4(1).
Flanagan, S. (2000). Use of the wrist in the vertical punch and the twisting straight punch: A biomechanical comparison. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 9(1), 82-93.
Freund, R. (1996). Karate techniques: Applied physiology and biomechanics. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 5(3), 40-43.
Friman, H. (1996). Blinded by the light: Politics and profit in the martial arts. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 5(3), 10-19.
Hackney, C. (2009). The Aristotelian philosophy of the martial arts. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 18(4), 8-17.
Hallander, J. (1985). The complete guide to kung fu fighting styles. Burbank, California: Unique Publications.
Hebb, D. (1958). Alice in Wonderland or psychology among the biological sciences. En H. Harlow & C. Woolsey (Eds.), Biological and biochemical bases of behaviour (pp. 451-467). Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press.
Kazemi, M. & Pieter, W. (2004). Injuries at a Canadian National Taekwondo Championships: A prospective study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 5(22), doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-5-22.
Ko, Y. & Yang, J. (2008). The globalization of martial arts: The change of rules for new markets. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 17(4), 8-19.
Lee, B. (1975). Tao of Jeet Kune Do. Burbank, California: Ohara Publications.
Parker, E. (1985). Ed Parker’s infinite insights into Kenpo: Physical analyzation II. Los Angeles, California: Delsby Publications.
Parker, M. (2001). The impact factor of the Journal of Asian Martial Arts. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 10(1), 8-17.
Paz-y-Miño, G. (2000). Predicting kumite strategies: a quantitative approach to karate. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 9(4), 22-35.
Pieter, W. & Taaffe, D. (1992). The Oregon taekwondo research project: Results and recommendations. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 1(1), 72-85.
Stebbins, J. (1993). The functional anatomy of the hip for martial arts. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 2(4), 52-65.
Van Regenmortel, M. (2004). Reductionism and complexity in molecular biology. EMBO Reports, 5(11), 1016-1020.
Wiley, M. (1996). The classification and ethos of Filipino martial traditions. Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 5(3), 20-39.
Woese, C. (2004). A new biology for a new century. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 68(2), 173-186.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2012 Gregory Vey
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The authors who publish in this journal must agree to the following terms:
- The authors grant on a nonexclusive basis the exploitation rights (reproduction, distribution, public communication and transformation) of the work accepted for publication to the University of León. The authors can establish, on their own, additional agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in the journal (for example, placing it in an institutional repository or publishing it in a book), always acknowledging the initial publication in this journal.
- This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Click to see basic information and the legal text of the license.
- The authors are allowed and encouraged to disseminate electronically pre-print or post-print versions of their work before publication, as this can give rise to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and increased citing of the works published.